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English Punctuation

Punctuation plays a crucial role in conveying meaning and structuring sentences.

Period (.)

Question Mark (?)

​Used to end a declarative sentence (a statement).

    • Example: "She is reading a book."

    • "The sun sets in the west."

    • "She completed her assignment on time."

Exclamation Mark (!)

  • Used to end an interrogative sentence (a question).

    • Example: "Did you finish your homework?"

    • "Are you coming to the party?"

    • "What is your favorite color?"

Comma (,)

  • Indicates strong emotion or emphasis and is used at the end of exclamatory sentences.

    • Example: "What a beautiful sunset!"

    • "Wow, that was an amazing performance!"

    • "Congratulations on your graduation!"

  • Has various uses, including:

    • Separating items in a list: "She bought apples, oranges, and bananas."

    • Setting off introductory elements: "After the rain, the sun appeared."

    • Joining independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction: "I went to the store, and I bought some groceries."

Semicolon (;)

  • Used to join two closely related independent clauses (complete sentences) without a conjunction.

    • Example: "She loves to read; her favorite genre is mystery."

    • Joining two closely related independent clauses:

    • "The sun was setting; the sky was painted in shades of orange and pink."

    • Separating items in a complex list:

    • "Our team includes members from New York, New York; Boston, Massachusetts; and Los Angeles, California."

Apostrophe (')

  • Used for contractions and to show possession.

  • Contractions: "It's a beautiful day." (It is)

  • Possession: "The cat's tail."

Colon (:)

  • Introduces a list, explanation, or quotation.

    • Example (list): "There are three things I love: reading, writing, and traveling."

    • Example (explanation): "Here's the reason: she worked hard for this achievement."

    • Example (quotation): "The teacher said: 'Practice makes perfect.'"

Quotation Marks (" ")

  • Used to enclose direct speech, dialogue, or a quote.

  • Example: She said, "I'll be there at 3 o'clock."

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