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Lesson summary:

Episode: 5

In this lesson, Kru. Jaem introduces the essay question "Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?" 

Important information:


  • Writing must only be submitted by email with your student ID Number to

  • Students should download the recommended books.

Essential Points

Structure of the Essay:

  1. Introduction:

    • Provide a brief introduction to the topic.

    • Clearly state that you will discuss both advantages and disadvantages and express your opinion.

  2. Body Paragraphs:

    • Paragraph 1: Present the advantages with supporting details and examples.

    • Paragraph 2: Present the disadvantages with supporting details and examples.

    • You may choose to present the points in order of importance or chronologically.

  3. Opinion Paragraph (this is optional, if you do not have a third body paragraph, then you should give your opinion in the conclusion)

    • Clearly state your opinion on whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages or vice versa.

    • Provide reasons and evidence to support your opinion.

  4. Conclusion:

    • Summarize the key advantages and disadvantages.

    • Reiterate your opinion and provide a concluding statement.

Suitable Grammar and Vocabulary:

  1. Comparative Language:

    • Use comparative language to compare the magnitude or significance of advantages and disadvantages.

    • Example: "While the advantages are considerable, the disadvantages are relatively minor."

  2. Conjunctions for Contrast:

    • Use conjunctions that indicate contrast to discuss both sides of the argument.

    • Example: "However, despite these advantages, there are notable disadvantages."

  3. Balanced Language:

    • Maintain a balanced tone and avoid extreme language.

    • Example: "It is important to consider both the positive and negative aspects of..."

  4. Expressing Certainty and Uncertainty:

    • Use language that conveys a level of certainty or uncertainty in your opinion.

    • Example: "I am convinced that..., but it is possible that..."

  5. Conditionals:

    • Use conditional sentences to discuss potential outcomes.

    • Example: "If the advantages are carefully managed, they could lead to..."

  6. Acknowledging Counterarguments:

    • Acknowledge potential counterarguments or limitations to your opinion.

    • Example: "While some may argue that..., it is crucial to recognize that..."

  7. Formal Vocabulary:

    • Use a range of formal vocabulary to express your ideas clearly.

    • Example: Instead of "good," use "advantageous" or "beneficial."

Example Sentence Structures:

  • "On the one hand, the advantages of [topic] are evident, as demonstrated by..."

  • "Despite the numerous advantages, it is important to consider the potential drawbacks, such as..."

  • "While the disadvantages cannot be ignored, they are outweighed by the numerous benefits, including..."

  • "In conclusion, after considering both sides, I am inclined to believe that the advantages are more significant because..."

Try this exercise!

Students should complete the IELTS Foundation Study Skills Writing Task Two chapter by downloading the file below and then submitting your written response to the teacher by email at with your Student ID Number. There is no deadline - you can complete the activities at anytime during the course.

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