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IELTS Academic Reading Ep. 3

You will find downloadable material, a summary, techniques and tips, as well as other important information about this skill below.


Lesson summary:

Episode: 3

Today's class emphasizes the correct way to begin a sentence - to understand the purpose of Subject Verb Agreement. We also look at the Present Simple vs Present Continuous.

Important information:


  • Homework can be submitted via Line only for IELTS Reading.

  • Listening, Reading, and Writing must only be submitted by email to

  • Students should download the recommended books.

Essential Points

Present Simple:

  1. Usage:

    • Describes routine, habits, general truths, and permanent situations.

    • Often used with adverbs of frequency like "always," "usually," and "sometimes."

  2. Form:

    • Affirmative: Subject + Base Verb (e.g., I eat.)

    • Negative: Subject + Do/Does + Not + Base Verb (e.g., She does not like coffee.)

    • Questions: Do/Does + Subject + Base Verb? (e.g., Do you play the piano?)

Present Continuous:

  1. Usage:

    • Describes actions happening at the moment of speaking or temporary situations.

    • Often used with time expressions like "now," "at the moment," or "currently."

  2. Form:

    • Affirmative: Subject + Am/Is/Are + Present Participle (e.g., They are playing.)

    • Negative: Subject + Am/Is/Are + Not + Present Participle (e.g., I am not working.)

    • Questions: Am/Is/Are + Subject + Present Participle? (e.g., Are you studying?)

Subject-Verb Agreement:

  1. Definition:

    • Refers to the agreement in number (singular or plural) between the subject and the verb in a sentence.

  2. Rules:

    • Singular subjects take singular verbs, and plural subjects take plural verbs.

      • Singular: The cat is sleeping.

      • Plural: The cats are sleeping.

    • When the subject is compound (joined by "and"), use a plural verb.

      • Example: My brother and sister are coming.

    • With collective nouns, the verb can be singular or plural, depending on the context.

      • Example: The team is winning. (Singular focus)

      • Example: The team are arguing. (Emphasizing individual members)

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