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Lesson summary:

In tonight's class, we look at describing situations and events in the future.

Episode: 6

Important information:


  • Homework can be submitted via Line only for IELTS Speaking.

  • Listening, Reading, and Writing must only be submitted by email to

  • Students should download the recommended books.

Essential Points

Conditional Sentence:

  • Definition:

    • A conditional sentence expresses a condition and its potential result. It often consists of two parts: the "if-clause" (condition) and the "main clause" (result). There are different types of conditional sentences based on the likelihood or reality of the condition.

  • Structure:

    • Zero Conditional (Real Condition):

      • If + S + V1 + O, S + V1 + O

        • Example: "If it rains, the event is canceled."

    • First Conditional (Real or Possible Condition):

      • If + S + V1 + O, S + will + V1 + O.

        • Example: "If she passes the exam, she will celebrate."

    • Second Conditional (Unreal or Hypothetical Condition):

      • If + S + V2 + O, S + would + V1 + O

        • Example: "If I had a car, I would drive to the beach."

    • Third Conditional (Unreal or Hypothetical Condition in the Past):

      • If + S + had + V3 + O, S + would + have + V3 + O

        • Example: "If they had studied harder, they would have passed the test."

Both...and... Sentence:

  • Definition:

    • A "both...and..." sentence is used to express a joint occurrence or the idea that both things mentioned are true or happening. To put it simply, the verb in this structure is the same. Thus, the meaning of the verb is true for both the subject-nouns.

  • Structure:

    • Both + subject + and + subject + verb (or adjective/noun, depending on the context).

      • Example:"Both New Zealand's North Island and South Island offer spectacular landscapes and diverse ecosystems."

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