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Lesson summary:

Episode: 3

Today we will focus on Subject-Verb Agreement and Pronouns for our basic grammar. 

Important information:


  • Homework can be submitted via Line only for IELTS Speaking.

  • Listening, Reading, and Writing must only be submitted by email to

  • Students should download the recommended books.

Essential Grammar 

Subject-Verb Agreement & Pronouns

In a sentence, the subject and the verb must agree in number (singular or plural). If the subject is singular, the verb should be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb should be plural.

  • Example 1 (Singular):

    • Christchurch is a beautiful city in New Zealand.

      • Here, "Christchurch" is the singular subject, and "is" is the singular form of the verb.

  • Example 2 (Plural):

    • The earthquakes in Christchurch were devastating.

      • In this case, "earthquakes" is the plural subject, and "were" is the plural form of the verb.

Pronouns: Pronouns are words that replace nouns to avoid repetition. It's important to use pronouns that agree with the noun they replace in terms of gender and number.

  • Example 3 (Pronouns - Singular):

    • Christchurch is known for its resilience. The city has faced challenges, but it has always recovered.

      • In this example, "it" is a singular pronoun replacing the singular noun "Christchurch."

  • Example 4 (Pronouns - Plural):

    • Many people visit Christchurch every year. They are drawn to its unique charm and history.

      • Here, "They" is a plural pronoun replacing the plural noun "people."

Example Response

Random Questions (Maps)


Do you think it's better to use a paper map or a map on your phone? Why?

"For me, a map on the phone tends to be more practical in most situations because it's portable, and it has real-time updates, and accessibility to various features like GPS."


When was the last time you needed to use a map? Why?

"The last time I needed to use a map was during a recent road trip with friends. We were exploring an unfamiliar area, and the map helped us navigate and find our way to various destinations easily."


If you visit a new city, do you always use a map to find your way around? Why/Why not?

"Not always. I find using a map helpful initially to get a sense of the city's layout though I often prefer to explore freely and relying on landmarks and asking locals for directions because it helps me dive into the local culture and discover hidden places."


In general, do you find it easy to read maps? Why/Why not?

"Yes, I find it very easy to read maps. I enjoy understanding the layout of different places and using maps helps me to grasp directions efficiently even though I sometimes encounter challenges with intricate city maps due to the abundance of details, but overall, I find them manageable."

Finished IELTS Speaking?

If you have finished watching the IELTS Speaking videos, students should download the Study Skills booklet here and then complete pages 54-58. Speaking exercises must be sent to your teacher by Line for feedback.

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